“I learned so much about arms control and disarmament at ACA! I learned more about arms control in four months than in three years at my university. The United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs has affirmed that the treaty will not affect the national arms trade or the right to bear arms in its member states; prohibits the export of any type of arms; violate the legitimate right to self-defence; or that are already in place to undermine national standards for the regulation of armaments.   Countries whose legislators will now ratify the treaty are required to respect international embargoes and ensure that private and state arms transactions do not lead to a violation of human rights. Presented later in 2003 by a group of Nobel Peace Prize laureates, the ATT was first discussed at the United Nations in December 2006, when the General Assembly adopted resolution 61/89 entitled “Towards an arms trade treaty: establishing common international standards for the import, export and transfer of conventional arms”. I`m back today as a modern-day Rip Van Winkle to see that everything has changed except this one. Peace is still a little further away. Nuclear and conventional weapons still exist despite promises. It is up to us to ensure that, in twenty years` time, we do not wake up to the same horrors that we suffer today. I do not know that the world`s biggest arms traffickers are represented here. But today I am not talking to the arms manufacturers, but to the leaders of humanity, who have a responsibility to put principles before profits and to enable the promise of a future where we can finally sleep peacefully. On September 27, 1991, President George H.
W. Bush announced that the United States would withdraw from the operation almost all of the United States` tactical (non-strategic) nuclear forces, so that Russia could take similar measures and reduce the risk of nuclear proliferation if the Soviet Union dissolved. In particular, Bush said the United States would eliminate all its nuclear grenades and short-range nuclear ballistic warheads and remove all non-strategic nuclear warheads from flood ships, attack submarines and land navy aircraft. Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev responded on October 5 and promised to eliminate all nuclear weapons, nuclear warheads for tactical missiles and nuclear landmines. He also promised to withdraw all Soviet tactical nuclear weapons from the navy from the operation. As part of these initiatives, the United States and Russia have reduced their stationed non-strategic stockpiles by 5,000 and 13,000 warheads, respectively. However, important questions remain about the implementation of Russian commitments, and the current state of Russia`s tactical nuclear forces raises considerable uncertainty. The Defense Ministry estimates that Russia possesses about 2,000 non-strategic nuclear weapons, and the numbers are rising. The United States maintains several hundred non-strategic B61 gravity bombs for delivery by short-range combat aircraft. “The ATT is simply not necessary to allow the United States to trade arms responsibly,” the White House statement said. .